7 Main Types Of Tea
As one of the three major beverages in the world, tea has extremely various types. But when we talk about tea, the most we mentioned are green tea, black tea, matcha and so on. It sounds like there are just a few types of tea. Different kinds of tea have different flavors, brewing ways, and health benefits. To better enable people to find the most suitable tea for themselves, the scholars and tea lovers have made a general classification according to the differences among various kinds of tea.
There are 7 main types of tea.
Green tea is the most common, and matcha is also a kind of green tea. Green tea is also called non-fermented tea because of the least processed and has not been fermented. It retains the green color of the plant itself, and the tea after brewed also shows green.
Black tea belongs to complete-fermented tea, it’s popular in Europe and Asian. Because the tea has been completely fermented, it does not have a fresh and bitter taste like the green tea, it tastes very mellow. Also, black tea has a high degree of matching with other ingredients, many tea drinks are made based on black tea.
Dark tea belongs to post-fermented tea, and it usually sold as tea bricks. Pu'er tea is the most common dark tea. The aging taste is the feature of dark tea. It comes from the long-time aging and fermentation of the tea bricks, in which the ingredients in tea have been qualitative change. Due to the surface of tea is dark, so it called dark tea.
Oolong tea belongs to partial-fermented tea, which has both the fresh taste of green tea and the mellow taste of black tea. Oolong tea is mainly produced in China and is also one of the most well-known Chinese tea.
White tea belongs to low-fermented tea, usually made from the tender tea leaves and buds. Because there is much fine white fuzz on the surface, it looks like a layer of snow, so it called white tea. The white fuzz is the essence of white tea, do not wash it off as impurities when brewing.
Yellow tea is a kind of lightly-fermented tea just like white tea. Its processing method and green tea are about the same, the difference is there will be "Sealing Yellow" after fixation, make the tea leaves oxidation and turn yellow. The tea after brewed also shows yellow.
Strictly, herbal tea does not belong to the tea, because they are not made from the tea leaves but made from various flower or herbal. It makes most kinds of herbal tea do not contain caffeine. The types of herbal tea also various and can be mix brew to get more benefits.